Mit diesem Bonmot beschreiben die Senegalesen selbst gern die Religionszugehörigkeit in ihrem Land. Tatsächlich spielen Einflüsse aus dem. Das friedliche Zusammenleben verschiedener Ethnien und Religionen ist Wolof leben originär lediglich im Senegal, in Gambia und in Mauretanien, die Fulbe. Dass das Zusammenleben der Religionen in Senegal so gut funktioniert, hat laut dem emeritierten Kardinal Théodore Adrien Sarr historische.
Stichwort: Sufi-Bruderschaften im SenegalSenegal gilt als stabile Demokratie und Beispiel für religiöse Toleranz in Westafrika. 90 Prozent der Senegalesen sind Muslime und in einer. "Bisher funktioniert das Zusammenleben der Religionsgruppen. Der Senegal ist ein vorbildliches Beispiel für gelingenden interreligiösen Dialog". Religion spielt im Leben der Senegalesen eine wichtige Rolle. Die meisten Menschen sind Muslime, doch es gibt auch einige Christen. Diese Religionen.
Senegal Religion Information For VideoHow Islam Came to Senegal
Um Senegal Religion Privatsender der ProSiebenSat. - InhaltsverzeichnisEs wird aufmerksam zu verfolgen sein, Anime Bilder Engel sich die Partei in der Senegal - Religion Senegal is generally a very tolerant society, and 95 percent of the Senegalese population practice Islam. While the predominant religion in Senegal is Islam, the Senegalese take. Religion and beliefs occupy an important place in the daily life of the nation of Senegal. Many denominations of the religion of Islam are represented. Christians represent 5%. Traditional beliefs are officially practiced by 1% of the population, particularly Serer, but members of other religions also often partake in traditional practices. Religious freedom is protected in Senegal by law. Senegalese culture, in general, is religiously tolerant. Religions Islam Islam in Senegal comes from the Sufism branch. It is the main religion in Senegal, with about 95% of the population adhering. Several brotherhoods can be distinguished: the Mourides brotherhood, the Layènes brotherhood, the Qadiriyya brotherhood, the Tidjanes brotherhood. Senegal is a secular state, although Islam is the predominant religion in the country, practiced by approximately % of the country's population; the Christian community, at % of the population, are mostly Catholics but there are also diverse Protestant denominations. French is the official language of Senegal. Wolof, Pular, Mandinka, Soninke, Jola, etc., are some other languages spoken in Senegal. Nearly % of the country's population is Muslim with most adhering to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods. Christians, mostly Roman Catholics, account for % of the population.
The Senegalese Sufi Muslim traditions are renowned for their openness and their acceptance of diversity.
Catholic schools, especially, are respected for their quality and openness to students from all traditions. The very different strands in Senegalese religious beliefs and institutions and in the society more broadly make for a stable fabric that even, to date, accommodates and tolerates voices that preach extremist ideas in ways that do not disrupt.
To be clear, there are tensions but also a confidence in the robust commitment to respect and harmony. So how does the pervasive influence of religion affect governance and development?
The government encouraged and assisted Muslim participation in the Hajj, providing imams with hundreds of free airplane tickets for the pilgrimage for distribution among citizens.
The government provided assistance for an annual Roman Catholic pilgrimage to the Vatican, the Palestinian territories, and Israel.
The government allowed up to four hours of voluntary religious education per week in public elementary schools. Parents could choose either a Christian or Muslim curriculum.
Students had the option to opt out of the curriculum. The Ministry of Education reported slightly more than a million students participated in religious education through the public elementary school system.
The education ministry provided partial funding to schools operated by religious groups that met national education standards.
But it is apparent that religion serves a very different function for youth of this generation than it did for the previous one, in a pattern that was certainly passed down from the one before.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Other Muslim 1. Catholicism 5. Other Christian 0. Folk religion 4. Other religion 0. No religion 0.
Further information: Serer religion , Serer creation myth , and Pangool. This article possibly contains original research.
Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. In the midth century, the Portuguese landed on the Senegal coastline, followed by traders representing other countries, including the French.
European missionaries introduced Christianity to Senegal and the Casamance in the 19th century. It was only in the s that the French began to expand onto the Senegalese mainland, after they abolished slavery and began promoting an abolitionist doctrine,  adding native kingdoms like the Waalo, Cayor, Baol, and Jolof Empire.
In , over Senegalese came under Australian command, ahead of the taking of Damascus by Australians, before the expected arrival of the famed Lawrence of Arabia.
French and British diplomacy in the area were thrown into disarray. On 25 November , Senegal became an autonomous republic within the French Community.
On 4 April Senegal and the French Sudan merged to form the Mali Federation , which became fully independent on 20 June , as a result of a transfer of power agreement signed with France on 4 April Due to internal political difficulties, the Federation broke up on 20 August, when Senegal and French Sudan renamed the Republic of Mali each proclaimed independence.
Senghor was a very well-read man, educated in France. He was a poet and philosopher who personally drafted the Senegalese national anthem, "Pincez tous vos koras, frappez les balafons".
Pro-African, he advocated a brand of African socialism. In , President Senghor decided to retire from politics. The next year, he transferred power in to his hand-picked successor, Abdou Diouf.
Former prime minister Mamadou Dia , who was Senghor's rival, ran for election in against Diouf, but lost. Senghor moved to France, where he died at the age of Senegal joined with The Gambia to form the nominal Senegambia Confederation on 1 February However, the union was dissolved in Despite peace talks, a southern separatist group Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance or MFDC in the Casamance region has clashed sporadically with government forces since in the Casamance conflict.
In the early 21st century, violence has subsided and President Macky Sall held talks with rebels in Rome in December Abdou Diouf was president between and He encouraged broader political participation, reduced government involvement in the economy, and widened Senegal's diplomatic engagements, particularly with other developing nations.
Domestic politics on occasion spilled over into street violence, border tensions, and a violent separatist movement in the southern region of the Casamance.
Nevertheless, Senegal's commitment to democracy and human rights strengthened. Abdou Diouf served four terms as president.
In the presidential election of , opposition leader Abdoulaye Wade defeated Diouf in an election deemed free and fair by international observers.
Senegal experienced its second peaceful transition of power , and its first from one political party to another. On 30 December President Wade announced that he would sign a peace treaty with the separatist group in the Casamance region.
This, however, has yet to be implemented. There was a round of talks in , but the results have not yet yielded a resolution.
Senegal is a republic with a presidency; the president is elected every five years as of , previously being seven years from independence to , five years from to , and 7 years again from to , by adult voters.
Senegal's second president, Abdou Diouf , later served as general secretary of the Organisation de la Francophonie. The third president was Abdoulaye Wade , a lawyer.
The current president is Macky Sall , elected in March and reelected in February Senegal has more than 80 political parties. The nation's highest courts that deal with business issues are the constitutional council and the court of justice, members of which are named by the president.
Currently, Senegal has a quasi-democratic political culture, one of the more successful post-colonial democratic transitions in Africa.
Local administrators are appointed and held accountable by the president. Marabouts , religious leaders of the various Muslim brotherhoods of Senegal , have also exercised a strong political influence in the country especially during Wade's presidency.
In , Freedom House downgraded Senegal's status from "Free" to "Partially Free", based on increased centralisation of power in the executive. By , it had recovered its Free status.
In , Senegal finished in 12th position on the Ibrahim Index of African Governance. When the Northern African countries were added to the index in , Senegal's position was retroactively downgraded to 15th place with Tunisia, Egypt and Morocco placing themselves ahead of Senegal.
As of [update] , Senegal's rank in the Ibrahim Index has decreased another point to 16 out of 52 African countries. On 22 February , Senegal severed diplomatic ties with Iran , saying it supplied rebels with weapons which killed Senegalese troops in the Casamance conflict.
The presidential election was controversial due to President Wade's candidacy, as the opposition argued he should not be considered eligible to run again.
Several youth opposition movements, including M23 and Y'en a Marre , emerged in June In the end, Macky Sall of the Alliance for the Republic won, and Wade conceded the election to Sall.
This peaceful and democratic transition was hailed by many foreign observers, such as the EU  as a show of "maturity".
Senegal has a high profile in many international organizations and was a member of the UN Security Council in —89 and — It was elected to the UN Commission on Human Rights in Friendly to the West, especially to France and to the United States, Senegal also is a vigorous proponent of more assistance from developed countries to the Third World.
Senegal enjoys mostly cordial relations with its neighbors. In spite of clear progress on other fronts with Mauritania border security, resource management, economic integration, etc.
Senegal is part of the Economic Community of West African States ECOWAS. Integrated with the main bodies of the international community, Senegal is also a member of the African Union AU and the Community of Sahel-Saharan States.
The Armed Forces of Senegal consist of about 17, personnel in the army, air force , navy, and gendarmerie. The Senegalese military force receives most of its training, equipment, and support from France and the United States.
Germany also provides support but on a smaller scale. Military noninterference in political affairs has contributed to Senegal's stability since independence.
Senegal has participated in many international and regional peacekeeping missions. Most recently, in , Senegal sent a battalion to the Democratic Republic of Congo to participate in MONUC , the United Nations peacekeeping mission, and agreed to deploy a United States-trained battalion to Sierra Leone to participate in UNAMSIL , another UN peacekeeping mission.
In , Senegal participated in the Saudi Arabian-led military intervention in Yemen against the Shia Houthis. The brotherhood's main city is Touba which is also home to one of the biggest mosques in Africa.
Lastly, the Qadiriyya is the oldest of Senegalese Brotherhood and was established by Sufi mystic in the 12th century by Qadir al-Jilani.
Most Christians in Senegal are of Serer ancestry and are found in Casamance area which is in South of Senegal and other bigger cities in Senegal including the Capital Dakar and Saint-Louis.
Christians in Senegal have a pilgrimage site at Popenguine. There is also a Protestant Church in Senegal but the amount of practicing followers is limited.
Animistic beliefs are persisting. One is generally a Muslim or a Christian but with some animistic beliefs. Some rituals coming from traditional religions are still practiced today.
For the Animists, every living thing, plant or object has a soul. Polygynous marriages are quite common. Households are often large comprising of a man and his multiple wives and children.
Inheritance is usually in accordance with Islamic laws. The traditional social structure is rigid and based on kinship. Children are highly valued in Senegalese society.
Children are taught social values since an early age. The entire community participates in bringing up children. Boys and girls start learning their gender-based roles while they are young.
Education is available to both sexes but fewer girls than boys get to complete their primary education. The wisdom of elders is highly revered by the Senegalese.